Shrewsbury, where Darwin was born.
looked in 1825.
born at Shrewsbury on February
12th, 1809, and my earliest recollection goes back only to when I was a
few months over four years old, when we went to near Abergele for
sea-bathing, and I recollect some events and places there with some
||My mother died in July
1817, when I
was a little over eight years old, and it is odd that I can remember
hardly anything about her except her death-bed, her black velvet gown,
and her curiously constructed work-table.
Darwin at age 7
||By the time I
taste for natural history, and more especially for collecting, was well
developed. I tried to make out the names of plants, and collected all
sorts of things, shells, seals, franks, coins, and minerals. The
passion for collecting which leads a man to be a systematic naturalist,
a virtuoso, or a miser, was very strong in me, and was clearly innate,
as none of my sisters or brother ever had this taste.
mortification my father once said to me, "You care for nothing but
shooting, dogs, and rat catching, and you will be a disgrace to
yourself and all your family."
VOYAGE OF H.M.S. BEAGLE
1831 - 1836
||After having spent two
Edinburgh, my father perceived, or
he heard from my sisters, that I did not like the thought of being a
physician, so he proposed that I should become a clergyman. He was very
properly vehement against my turning into an idle sporting man, which
then seemed my probable destination.
Darwin spent five years on Beagle, from 1831
how fiercely I have been
attacked by the
orthodox, it seems ludicrous
that I once intended to be a clergyman. Nor was this intention and my
father's wish ever formerly given up, but died a natural death when, on
leaving Cambridge, I joined
the Beagles as naturalist.
voyage of HMS. Beagle.
Some of the new species discovered by the Beagle expedition.
fine lithograph of HMS Beagle under sail.
Plans of HMAS
H.M.S. Beagle in Sydney harbour.
1841 watercolour by
voyage of the Beagle has
been by far the most important
event in my life, and has determined my whole career... I
always felt that I owe to the voyage the first real training or
education of my mind..
the Straits of Magellan, 1833.
from Darwin's extensive collection, now housed
in the Muesum of
An illustration from Darwin's
'Journal of Researches into the
Natural History and Geology of the countries visited during
the world of H.M.S. Beagle.'
first edition of Darwin's Voyage of the Beagle, (left) and some of the
lithographs from 'On
of coral reefs with reference to the theory of their formation.'
of the Voyage of H.M.S Beagle.'
Edited by Charles Darwin.
There is no
fundamental difference between man and the higher
mammals in their
mental faculties... The difference
in mind between man and the higher
animals, great as it is,
is one of
degree and not of